"We indicated at the start of 2013 that trading conditions would continue to be challenging and that has proven to be the case," said CEO Ton Büchner. "In response we accelerated our company-wide improvement actions and have brought our performance improvement program to a successful conclusion a year ahead of schedule and above target. While the first half of 2013 was impacted by weaker trading conditions and specific one-off events in Specialty Chemicals, the second half has shown early signs of stabilization in several end markets. In combination with our restructuring actions this positive effect has been evident in our improving return on sales in the third and fourth quarters, despite foreign currency headwinds. In 2014, we will continue to improve our ability to leverage our strong brands and leading market positions. We will further restructure our business, reduce our costs and drive organic growth. I am confident that we are on track to deliver on our 2015 strategic goals."
Decorative Paints full-year revenue was down 3 percent as a result of adverse currency effects and divestments. Global volumes for the year were up 3 percent, with increases in all regions except Europe, which remained flat in a reflection of difficult trading conditions. The pick-up in overall volumes was particularly noticeable in the second half of the year; Q3 and Q4 volumes were each up 5 percent compared with the prior year. Margins improved as a result of strong margin management and lower raw material prices. Performance improvement and restructuring measures led to a lower cost base, which, combined with lower restructuring charges, drove operating income above the previous year, before the divestment gain on Building Adhesives.
Full-year revenue at Performance Coatings declined 2 percent on flat volumes as adverse currency effects outweighed a positive price/mix development. Volumes gradually improved throughout the year to be flat overall, and up 2 percent in Q4. Margins were maintained despite higher restructuring costs. Operating income for the year as a whole was down 3 percent, with underlying improvements offset by higher restructuring charges as well as adverse currencies. Restructuring activities were accelerated in the fourth quarter, with the intended closure of seven sites world-wide being communicated.
Specialty Chemicals annual revenues not only reflected a year of continued soft demand, but also included a significant divestment effect from the sale in 2012 of Chemicals Pakistan. Full-year revenues were down 11 percent, with 6 percent attributable to divestments and 2 percent a consequence of adverse currency effects. Lower volumes accounted for a further 2 percent revenue decline, although they did stabilize in the second half of the year and volumes in Q4 were up 3 percent versus Q4 2012. Full-year operating income was impacted by increased restructuring costs versus the previous year, with a comprehensive performance improvement program implemented at Functional Chemicals in the second half of the year. The divestments of both the Primary Amides and Purate businesses were completed in Q4.
Performance improvement program
The performance improvement program (PIP) announced in October 2011 has exceeded the anticipated cumulative amount of €500 million in EBITDA for the period through 2013. The program has delivered a total of €545 million in benefits a year earlier than originally planned and has now been completed. Further efficiency and cost reduction measures have been identified as part of continuous improvement initiatives which are integrated in the regular business activities. Total restructuring costs for 2013 amounted to €348 million (2012: €292 million), of which €204 million in Q4. AkzoNobel anticipates 2014 restructuring charges of at least €250 million.
Full-year average raw material costs stabilized during the year and were down versus 2012.
Our dividend policy is to pay a stable to rising dividend. We will propose a 2013 final dividend of €1.12 per share, which would make a total 2013 dividend of €1.45 per share. This is stable versus the total dividend per share paid out in 2012 of €1.45.
Sustainability and innovation
AkzoNobel's drive for operational excellence and performance improvement is supported by its 'Planet Possible' sustainability strategy focused at creating more value from fewer resources. Building on its number one position in the Materials industry group on the Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI), AkzoNobel keeps intensifying its activities to implement the strategy which includes the following targets:
In 2020, AkzoNobel's eco-premium products with a downstream benefit will account for 20 percent of revenue. In 2013 this was 18%
Carbon emissions will be reduced by 25 to 30 percent per ton of product by 2020 (base 2012).
Improve resource efficiency across the full value chain
Although we have seen early signs of stabilization in the second half of 2013 in some of our businesses, the economic environment remains fragile and foreign currencies volatile. We will continue to significantly restructure our businesses in 2014 to reduce our cost base further to offset the expected continued soft demand. AkzoNobel is on track to deliver on its 2015 targets of ROS at 9.0 percent and ROI at 14.0 percent with a net debt/EBITDA ratio lower than 2.0.