The most frequently used solvents are alcohols, such as ethanol, n-butanol, isopropanol and methanol. About 6.4 million tons of alcohol-based solvents were utilized worldwide in 2011. Demand for ethanol and ethers is projected to rise at an above-average growth rate of more than three percent per year between 2011 and 2019. Demand for halogenated solvents is especially declining in Western Europe and North America. Also aromatics and pure hydrocarbons will continue their downward trend.
The report also analyzes how the use of solvents will develop in individual markets. Most important buyers include producers of paints and coatings. They are followed by a considerable distance by printing ink manufacturers. The printing ink industry accounted for somewhat more than eight percent of global solvent demand in 2011. The pharmaceutical industry came in third place, followed by cosmetics and adhesives. Furthermore, solvents are used in a broad variety of other industrial applications, for example in chemical manufacturing processes, cooling circuits, chemical dry-cleaning, and as de-icing agents.
The adhesive industry is expected to record the strongest growth in solvent use. Besides private consumption, adhesives are increasingly used in industrial applications. They allow for easy, safe and flexible connections, which are usually inexpensive and lightweight.
With a roughly 39 percent share of global consumption, Asia-Pacific is the largest solvent outlet, followed by North America and Western Europe. Asian countries will further increase their shares in the global solvent market mainly at the expense of saturated industrial countries. Many emerging and developing countries benefit from an increasing solvent demand above all in the paint, coating and adhesive industries.
For example, solvent demand in the paint and coatings industry is predicted to increase by 2.9 percent per year until 2019. Mainly emerging and developing countries will boost this trend. Rising prosperity in these countries will result in an increasing per capita consumption of paints.
The market for solvents is considerably influenced by legal regulations and the growing environmental awareness of end-consumers the report says. Changes targeted at reducing the environmental impact of solvents will focus on both production methods and further substitutions of specific solvent types. The manufacture of solvents from renewable resources reduces the dependence on petroleum and improves the CO2 balance.
Western Europe and North America will continue to pursue their goal of reducing emissions of VOCs. The shifting from solvent-based paints to water-based or other solvent-free paints is negatively impacting the solvent demand in these regions. In the other regions, environmental protection is far less important. However, this is going to change in the long-term. Visit www.ceresana.com/en.