In North America, silver and charcoal saw a strong increase in popularity from 20% in 2008 to 25% this year. White was second (18%), black was third (16%) and red was fourth (12%). These four color categories comprise well over two-thirds of all vehicles sold in North America. Just 15 years ago, the most popular color on vehicles in North America was green with 21%, while silver had only eight percent in 1994.
"What helps drive silver's popularity are all of the innovative effects that really make silver shine," said Jane Harrington, PPG manager, color styling, automotive coatings. "Silver tones work well with today's tinted metallic textural looks. The diversity of silver, from subtle hue shifts to dimensional metallic flake appearances, works with a variety of vehicle styles."
In Europe, silver and charcoal (35%) were followed by black (22%), blue and white (13% each), red (nine percent), naturals (five percent), green (two percent) and other/niche colors (one percent).
In the Asia/Pacific region, silver and charcoal (34%) were followed by black (21%), white (17%), blue (nine percent), red (seven percent), naturals (six percent), other/niche colors (four percent) and green (two percent).
"Clearly, the automotive industry is moving toward more color choices," said Harrington. "Palettes are broadening as the number of models decreases and the industry consolidates. Going forward, automotive manufacturers are going to be relying on color more and more to distinguish their brands."
At this year's annual Automotive Color Trend Show held at PPG's offices, the coatings company presented its ideas for future vehicle colors. Titled "3D Color"—representing design, dimension and differentiation—the show included a collection of interior and exterior colors developed globally and inspired by fashion, interior design, industrial design, culture, commercial construction and nature. PPG presented automotive designers with 60 new exterior shades and ten new interior shades for consideration in their designs of the 2012-2013 model years. The new shades were grouped in four themes based on vehicle type including Dimension for compact vehicles; Perspective for mid-size vehicles; Surface for hybrid vehicles; and Depth for luxury automobiles.
PPG introduced automotive manufacturers to new colors such as champagne silver, a tinted silver with a slight warm copper beige cast; outer space blue, a deep, dark blue with a slight sparkle effect; haute couture, a black base coat with a high sparkle blue mid-coat that gives it an appearance inspired by a black designer evening gown with blue sequins; quantum rose, an interior color close to a neon red; and hulk, a color developed in Australia that is bright green, just like its namesake.
In addition to the new exterior and interior colors, PPG added a computer-generated imaging demonstration to the show. This provides automotive designers with the ability to see some of the new colors as they might appear on new model vehicles.
In addition to color trend forecasting, PPG is continuing to develop new paint technologies that offer automotive design options to enhance appearance and help manufacturers differentiate their brands.
One of the paint systems that PPG previewed at the show is a next generation of glass flake coatings. These are paints that include very smooth glass flakes coated with various metal-oxide layers. "Because of the coating's narrow particle distribution and very smooth surface, this product shows extreme sparkle and brightness," said Jerry Koenigsmark, PPG manager of color design, North America automotive coatings. Koenigsmark said that the company hopes to make these coatings available commercially in the next two to three years.
PPG also highlighted its Chaos Sky white mica coatings. These are new shades of white based on synthetic micas coated with
Additionally, PPG spotlighted its new inorganic infrared-reflective pigments. These coatings have a very high solar reflectivity that helps to keep the vehicle cooler, reduce air conditioning use and reduce fuel consumption.