Materials used for exhaust gas recirculation modules (EGR) have to withstand high thermal, mechanical and chemical loads and must therefore be highly creep and corrosion resistant. Ultradur® B 4330 G6 HR (HR = hydrolysis resistant) is noted for its high resistance to hydrolysis in damp-warm environments and thus extends the service life and tightness of the component considerably – including in the temperature range from -40 to 140°C which is demanded by automotive manufacturers as a result of an ever more compact design in EGR and the engine compartment. Ultradur® B 4330 G6 HR also shows a substantially increased resistance to alkaline media, which trigger stress corrosion cracking. The plastic can be processed without any problems.
The sensor cover measuring 10 x 8 cm is extremely tight, particularly because of the single-stage injection-molding process and the unique design: The printed circuit board is inserted into the mold for the housing and fixed in place so that it can be overmolded without any external holding-down devices. This avoids weld lines which could leak in the event of fluctuations in temperature or air pressure. However, as these climate variations are unavoidable and trigger pumping effects in the housing, a thin PET membrane is welded into the sensor cover: The membrane, which has a diameter of around 1.3 cm, is attached to the PBT housing by ultrasonic welding. It is permeable to air, but water-tight and thus provides the required pressure compensation.
“Ultrasonic welding with this material combination is high-precision work: BASF’s outstanding expertise helped us to fine-tune the complex welding and establish a stable process for serial production,” says Axel Gutzmer, operations manager at Rosenberger Spritzguss und Formenbau. “Together with the tailor-made plastic for the housing, we thus managed in a short development time of just twelve months to successfully produce the sensor cover and meet the automotive manufacturer’s specifications for leaktightness and process reliability.” The combination of housing, connector and conductor tracks could previously only be produced in a multi-stage, complicated injection-molding process: First the conductor tracks were separately overmolded with plastic and then placed in another mold which is used to manufacture the entire housing component. In order to ensure that the conductor tracks do not shift in this injection-molding process, they were generally secured with external holding-down devices.
BASF offers several HR-modified Ultradur® grades, with 15% or 30% glass fiber reinforcement as well as impact-modified, laser-markable or flame-retardant. Typical applications can be found primarily in automotive electronics, e.g. housings of control units, connectors and sensors.